An average of 5 to 6 children drown in farm dams and water bodies each year in Australia. Most are under five years of age and a third are visitors to the farm.
最常见的情况是,监督un-noticed蹒跚学步的偏离,finding their way into a farm dam. They may be noticed missing only after a few minutes.
坚固的房子码Farmsafe澳大利亚农场是一个关键的建议,peak child safety and water safety agencies. Resources for safe play areas on farms are available on right under Related Documents section.
Yes. A recent update on farm fatalities by the Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety (ACAHS),表明溺水死亡的主要原因是孩子在农场,电竞菠菜声称从2003 - 2006年的25名儿童的生命。这是农场所有儿童死亡人数的40%。
Children under five years accounted for three-quarters of children who drowned on farms. Apart from dams,年幼的儿童也淹没在小溪,低谷,dips and channels. Toddlers often wandered away from the home un-noticed.
84% of children who drowned on farms (2003-2006) were male. Around a third were visitors to the farm.
Less children drown in farm dams during 2003-2006 than in the early 1990s. Whilst 13 children drowned in dams from 2003-2006,33名儿童淹死在水坝在1989 - 92之间。
有最近的统计数据比2003 - 2006年大坝淹没在农场吗?吗?
ACAHS compiles data using the National Coronial 电竞菠菜盘Information System (NCIS). However,确定是否一个事件发生在农场,means going through every individual case. Due to the ‘investigative' nature of cases,some files are not definitive for a number of years. That is why there is a time lag on reliable ‘on-farm' cases.
可以了解最近的田间溺水情况下,through media reports. Media reports from 2007 to mid 2010 suggest that at least another 10 children have drowned on farms over that time. However,locations of incidents are not always clear from media articles - and some incidents are not reported in the media at all. Media reports,而最近,倾向于低估真正的溺水事件在农场的数量。
A fenced house yard helps make supervision that much easier. The idea is to provide an access barrier between toddlers and farm hazards – much like a pool fence does,but in reverse. Whilst not always possible,最好的目标向池(1926.1 - 2007)标准。
The principle is to make it difficult for young children to leave the house yard without an adult. Fences themselves need to be resistant to a child climbing through or over them (e.g.固体或垂直铁路、没有footholes,高1.2 - -1.5米,较低的地面清除)。
所有的家庭成员和游客都需要警惕保持安全的区域(如。ensure gates are kept closed). Having an interesting yard with play items such as sandpits and open-areas for ball play,也可以帮助。
监督,当在农场里出去走动,需要关闭和活跃足够一个蹒跚学步的孩子”握住我的手”. This is consistent with the advice of major early childhood and water safety agencies. In addition,water familiarization and teaching children to swim from an early age is advisable. Learning resuscitation skills is also a water safety essential.
溺水占大约40%的儿童农场死亡,with dams the most common water body. In fact,大坝独自负责农场所有儿童死亡人数的21%。大坝后,沙滩车(13%)和农用车辆(13%)下一个孩子死亡最常见的代理在农场(2003 - 2006)。沙滩车,(驾驶员和乘客)- 1/3是5岁以下;和农业车辆(cars-utes),5岁以下的1/2。
Four times as many children were killed on quad bikes than 2 wheel motorbikes on farms. Research suggests this is because riders / passengers are more likely to be pinned under an upturned quad bike,保持胸部或腹部挤压伤。
一个坚固的房子院子或安全的玩耍区域,还可以帮助防止儿童流浪的无监督转移到农场工作,and into the path of vehicles and machinery. For children of all ages,Farmsafe建议农场家庭采用以下儿童安全实践在他们的农场里,作为一个优先考虑的问题。
在孩子农场和资源安电竞菠菜盘全的更多信息,去主儿童农场安全页面在这个网站或电话Farmsafe 02 6752 6752。